What Is Thai Food – What to Eat at a Thai Food Restaurant in 2017?

Thai Fish with Lemon Lemongrass Soup - authentic Thai food soup recipe from Southern Thailand.
Thai Food Dinner – Thai fish in lemon flavored broth. One of our favorites at any Thai restaurant that focuses on seafood!

(Page Updated: 26 October 2017)

What Are Some of the Best Food To Eat At a Thai Restaurant in 2017?

You probably love succulent Thai food like we do! But, do you order the same things all the time because you don’t know what to get that is delicious? What is Thai Food variety?

I’ll offer some suggestions here by covering some popular Thai foods you might enjoy.

I think there are many people that don’t know what to eat when they go to a Thai food restaurant. Before I (Vern, Joy’s husband) came to Thailand I usually ordered the same things over and over, and I sometimes still do! If I ate with someone who ordered something different – I tried it, and almost always loved it. Thai food is so diverse, so delicious in all its different forms. I won’t lie, Thailand’s food was a major draw, bringing me here from the USA to live.

I looked at India, Cambodia, Malaysia, Thailand, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Vietnam. In the end, Thailand’s safe environment and amazing Thai food won me over. And now, I’ve been enjoying Thai food here in-country for about twelve years now.

Before I arrived, I wondered, is it possible for me, an American, to eat Thai food full time? It was a tough question because I usually only ate two or three things at a Thai restaurant in the US. Typically I would have Gai Pad King (ginger chicken) and an appetizer that wasn’t even Thai – but it was in the Thai restaurant. I had “Crab Rangoon.” It was a fried crab dessert that was really delicious at the Thai restaurant in Tampa, Florida called “Jasmine Thai.” I’ve asked many restaurants and friends here in Thailand if they ever heard of Crab Rangoon – or anything similar. Nobody has. Hmm, go figure.

So this note is all about what you can order in a Thai food restaurant in your home city. First off – if you haven’t, you might want to have a look at our list of Thai restaurants in the USA. We put together a large list that covers 49 states (I don’t know which one we’re missing!) and lists Thai food restaurants by city. You might find one that you didn’t know existed. Or, you might find one that doesn’t exist anymore! If you find one that is no longer valid – would you please send us a note and let us know? (contact):P

Pad Pak Boong is stir-fried morning glory with garlic and spicy chilis. Adds vegetables to your Thai food restaurant order.
Stir-fried morning glory (Pad Pak Boong) is a delicious way to add vegetables to your meal at a Thai restaurant. They put some chilis in it, so if you can’t handle any spice, you might say “my pet.” which means, not spicy. Well, it means not too spicy.

Ok, so here are some foods I think you might like. Keep in mind that there are MANY ways not only to say the Thai food dishes listed here – but different ways to spell them. For me, this was part of the problem in the states since I would see something called “Tom Yum Pla Meuk” at one restaurant and at a different restaurant it would say “Spicy & Sour Tomyum pla muk” or “Thai spicy sour soup.”

There is little agreement on how to spell things in English. In Joy’s Thai food blog you’ll see too that her spelling of things is probably different than what you might see online somewhere else. It differs from cookbooks and Thai restaurant menus in your hometown too. Try to figure out the major sounds and you’ll have an easier time than if you study the spellings!

Here are some variations in spelling for common Thai foods you might see on a menu outside of Thailand – or even here in the country…

Rice: Kow, kowl, cow, cowl
Sticky Rice: Kow Niao, kowl niao, kow neeow, kowl neow
Steamed Rice: Kow niao nung, kowl neow neung
Black Sticky Rice: Kow niao dum, kowl neeow dum

Thin glass (clear) Rice Noodles: Sen mee, sen me
Thick Rice Noodles: Sen yai, sen yi, sen yay

Pork: Moo, mu, muu, mew
Beef: New-uh, neu-uh, noo-uh, noouh
Chicken: Gai, gy, guy, kai, ky, kuy, gi
Squid: Pla Meuk, bpla meuk, bpla muk, pla muk, pla muhk, bpla muhk
Shrimp: Goong, gung, guung, koong, kung, kuung
Fish: Pla, bla, bpla, blah

Salad: Salad, salat
Spicy Salad: Yum
Fermented Fish Sauce (not sure you’ll find this in USA): Bla rah, pla ra, bpla ra, bla la, blah lah, bpla rah
Curry: Gang, gaeng, geng, gehng

Milk: Nam nom, nom, nome, noam
Coconut Milk: Gati, gadi, gadhi
Coconut: Mapraw, ma prow, mah praw
Ginger: King
Egg: Ky, kai, gy, kye
Morning Glory: Boong, bung, boohng, buung
Chili Peppers: Prig, prik, prihg, prigk
Bean sprouts: Tua ngoh, dtua ngaw, too-uh goh
Mushroom: Hed, head, het
Onion: Hom, hawm
Corn: Kowl pod, kow pod, pood
Mango: Mamuang, ma muang, ma mooung, ma moouhng
Orange: Som, Sawm
Apple: Appun, Apun, Apon
Banana: Gluay, glooay, glooai
Papaya: Ma lagaw, malaga
Pineapple: Sapparad, sapparat
Lemon/Lime: Minao, minow

Dessert: Khanom, kanom, kanawm

Sweet: Wan, Waan, Wahn, Won, Wohn
Sour: Prio, priow, preeow, pri-ow, pree-ow, preow
Bitter: Kom, Kohm
Salty: Kem, Kehm
Spicy (hot, chili pepper spicy): pet, ped, pedt, phet, phed
Really Spicy: Ped-Ped
Spicy so much that you go into a coma: Ped Silop Silai (ped silop si ly). If you say this they might look shocked, but it’s a funny phrase here!

Cold: Yen
Hot: Ron, lon
Ice: Nam Kaang, Nam Kang
Sugar: Nam taan, Num Tan
Water: Nam, Naam, Nom

Skin (of pork, chicken, whatever…): Nung, nuhng
Fat: Mun

I hope that list helps you figure some things out. Print it and take it to the restaurant, don’t be shy! Especially in a place where the waitresses (and nobody) speaks English well enough to help you decide what is good to eat. I have been in a few of those restaurants and usually, I just resort to my default Tom Yum soup which is always good, though sometimes spicy spicy! (Pet-pet).

Here are some typical Thai dishes that you might find in America or in your home country. Try them!

Tom Yum: Spicy and sour soup. Can be with shrimp (tom yum goong); with chicken (tom yum gai); with squid (tom yum pla muk); seafood (tom yum talay); or with fish (tom yum pla). Tom yum is a really nice soup. There are usually tomatoes, straw mushrooms, and onions to eat along with shrimp or whatever type you ordered. Thais eat it with their rice, mixing it on the same spoon or eating separately. Thais LOVE tom yum soup. (me too)

For some reason, Thai food is the hottest when the food you’re eating it with is really wet. Soup is wet. Tom yum soup can be blistering hot – and that’s the way we like it here – but you may find it overwhelming. If you don’t want it spicy tell the waitress/waiter: “Mai Ped” (my ped) It means, ‘not spicy’. Still, the soup might be a little spicy because they make tom yum all at once in some restaurants. They make it a minimum level of spicy – but once the peppers are in the soup – can’t take the spice out. Tip for spicy food – eat lots of rice with it – it takes away the hotness from your mouth. So does cucumber and other vegetables. If you can stand it, the best way to stop your hot mouth from erupting is by drinking as hot as you can stand – water, tea, coffee. It will hurt a LOT, but then the hotness of the spice goes away. Really!

Gai Pad King (Ginger Chicken): Chicken, shredded ginger, mushrooms, onions, small corn, scallions and sometimes sweet pepper (bell pepper). This one is really delicious. They serve it over rice most often.

Pad Thai (Stir-Fried thin noodles with oyster sauce, tamarind sauce, scrambled egg, shrimp, scallions – fresh on the side) You probably already know about Pad Thai. We get more people going to Joy’s blog to see the Pad Thai recipe than anything else. Apparently, this is very popular in America, Canada, and the UK. I never had it in the states! I didn’t know it existed. Now that I’ve had it in Thailand if I ever return to the USA I’ll order it a lot. It’s very delicious, so simple, but delicious.

Pad Thai with shrimp at Joy's Thai Food - better than eating padthai at a Thai restaurant.
Pad Thai is, of course, a favorite Thai meal and many Thai restaurants have it on the menu. Though it is delicious, you should really sample some other foods – Thai food has a great variety!

Lab Moo: (Spicy ground pork salad, Isaan style). This is a great dish – especially if you don’t mind spicy. If you don’t want spicy, again, just say, “my ped” and they can make it like that. This comes from Isaan (northeast Thailand) and is one of our favorites. You can have with pork, duck (lab phed), chicken (lab gai), fish (lab pla), beef (lab neu-uh). Originally it has pork skin in it – which I don’t think you’ll find in restaurants outside Thailand but if you want to make sure you don’t get any you can say, “my sy nung”. It means ‘no skin’. If you want to be polite you can say, “my sy nung kup” if you are a man, and “my sy nung ka” if you are a woman. Women say “ka” after everything to be very polite. Men say “kup” after everything. In reality, nobody says it all the time as it is too much. I say as much as I remember – about 60% of the time.

Yum Woon Sen: (Spicy Glass Noodle Salad) This one I was introduced to right before I came to Thailand. I ate this about five times per week for the last month before I left for Bangkok and I ate it about the first six months I was here in Thailand. I’ve not had it for about the last year though and Joy decided to make it for lunch for me today since she starts work late today. I’m excited – it’s really good and she makes it so spicy that I cry. That’s good food! Yum woon sen has: Thin glass noodles, tomatoes, scallions, onion, squid (usually, can be shrimp or pork instead), chili peppers, of course, lime, and thin ear type mushrooms. This is a wet dish and it can get VERY spicy. You might want to say “my ped” or “ped nid noy” which is a little bit spicy. This dish is hardly ever without any spice since the name of it is “Spicy glass noodle salad”. It wouldn’t be the same without any spice!

Bpoo Pad Pongaree: Stir fried crab with curry powder. This one is really delicious, and not spicy from chili peppers and just a little bit from the curry. I think you’ll love this if you can find it in your Thai food restaurant. They add cabbage to it and it’s really perfect.

Tom Kha Gai: Chicken in Coconut milk with Galingale. Anything with coconut milk (gati) should not be missed! Yes, it’s fattening – but you’re eating Thai food as a treat, not as part of your diet – right?

Gai Pad Met Mamuang: Chicken and cashew nut stir fry. This also has small corn cobs, shredded carrots… A good choice.

Pad Pak Boong: Stir Fried morning glory. This is a nice side order. They usually make it with fresh garlic and it’s delicious! Eat this along with your rice. Everything gets eaten along with Thai Jasmine rice I guess that goes without saying.

Pad Pak Loo-um: Mixed vegetables stir-fry. This is good to get as a side-order with anything. You can specify which vegetables you want or just order like this and they’ll give you a mix of all they have.

Kow Niao Mamuang:
Sticky rice with sweet mango. MMMMMM. This one is probably my favorite Thai dessert.

Sung Kaya Fuhk Thong: Sweet egg custard with pumpkin. MMMMM. This one is probably my 2nd favorite Thai dessert.

Lawt Chong: Noodles in coconut milk with jackfruit (if they have – or some other fruit as a substitute). This too is an awesome Thai dessert.

Gluay Buad Chee:
Ripe, uncooked banana in Coconut milk. Again… delicious.

I think that’s a good start to help you choose some new Thai food you might not have tried before. There is so much variety and to me, all of it is good. Literally, I loved everything Joy made for the year plus she was cooking every day. It was like eating in a five-star restaurant for over a year. YES, I gained weight. I’ve since lost it, but if she starts cooking again the smart thing to do is eat it all and pay for it in a little weight gain. What’s a guy to do?

You should be able to find the foods mentioned here at a Thai food restaurant in your home country. I think you’ll find most or all of these (or some variation) at a nice Thai restaurant. Keep in mind that there are regional differences in Thai cooking. In the north of Thailand, the Thai food tends to be sweeter. In the northeast it tends to be spicier in every way, hotness and flavor – they use more chilis, salt, lemon, and herbs. In the south foods tend to be a little sourer and not very spicy, though they have more curries here in the south. Bangkok has a mix of everything.

If you have some time have a look at some of Joy’s Thai food by typing a search word into the box in the upper left-hand side. If you like coconut milk – type it in and see what recipes she has that includes it. You might be surprised and find something you haven’t tried and you can ask for the next time you go to a restaurant for Thai food!

Sawasdee Krup,

Vern & Joy

If you ever considered making your own food blog – whether it’s something as simple as a Smoothie Recipe website – have a look at our plan, which shows how we did it!


17 thoughts on “What Is Thai Food – What to Eat at a Thai Food Restaurant in 2017?”

  1. Line, the world doesn’t love Som Tam! Only you and the rest of the Thai population. It’s not a world wide dish. At least I’ve not seen it in a restaurant. You know, I’ll bet they do have it in the USA in some restaurants. Man, to think what I was missing when I was there! I’ve grown to love it now – I’m addicted to it – spicy – silop silai! (sorry for answering Joy’s blog, she’s so busy working and doing translations lately!) – Vern

  2. Wonderful tips! I was guilty of ordering the same thing each time I visited a Thai restaurant however, thanks to this post I do have better insight and I am feeling much more adventurous.

    Thanks for sharing…

  3. Hi there, it’s not that we forgot – we just didn’t know of any Thai restaurants in that state. If you know some – please share!

  4. Hi
    i am going to my first thai restaurant-I hate curry and i cannnot eat any dort of peppers/ What do I order?
    p.s I had pad thai once and i found it to be gross

  5. I have to add that I think pad see ewe is amazing with a glass of iced Thai tea. Beef or chicken is great. One of my favorite meals.

  6. Great suggestions Vern. My husband he is caucasian loves som tum and Neua Yang Nam Tok (beef salad), curry dishes, but he didn’t seemed to like pad thai too much.

  7. I have been really enjoying Thai food lately. However, just like you said, I usually order the same thing because I am unfamiliar with the other foods and I don’t want to get something I don’t like. These are all great suggestions; the Gai Pad King sounds so good! I think I want to go get some Thai food tonight! Thank you for these ideas!

  8. It seems really helpful. I am planning to visit Thailand on this Vacation. I am excited thinking about me ordering Lab Moo and Bpoo Pad Pongaree… One thing is sure, my tongue is going to be twisted by the words and taste of thai… Thank you soo much for the guide… I am sure it’s going to help me.

  9. Hello 😊
    My single gentleman friend n i (also single gentleman) have been eating at both Chandaras in LA for over 10rys now, and the authentic, southeast Asian waitress staff is as much a part of the wonderful Thai expierence as the magnificient food!!! 😊
    Its my turn to take him out to Thai dinner in Glendale where i live (dont wanna go all the way to Hollywood) and wud like to know if yr restaurant also offers an authentic waitress staff???
    TY and we will be able to judge your food on our own 👍🏼 Hope i have found my NEW THAI HOME restaurant?? 🌹

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